Books and Theses

Aisthorpe, S. (2016). Listening to and Learning from Christians in the Highlands and Islands. (Unpublished doctoral thesis), University of Wales.

Aisthorpe, S. (2016). The Invisible Church : Learning from the Experiences of Churchless Christians. Edinburgh: St.Andrew Press.

Ammerman, N. T. (1998). Studying Congregations: A New Handbook. Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press.

Ashworth, J., & Farthing, I. (2007). Churchgoing in the UK : A Research Report from Tearfund on Church Attendance in the UK. Teddington: Tearfund.

Barley, L. (2006). Christain Roots, Contemporary Spirituality. London: Church House Publishing.

Barna, G. (1992). A Step-By-Step Guide to Church Marketing: Breaking Ground for the Harvest. Ventura, CA: Regal Books.

Barna Group. (2015). Transforming Scotland: The State of Christianity, Faith and the Church in Scotland. Milton Keynes: Jersey Road Limited.

Beasley-Murray, P., & Wilkinson, A. (1981). Turning the Tide: An Assessment of Baptist Church Growth in England. London: Bible Society.

Bebbington, D. W. (2002). Evangelicalism In Modern Britain: A History from the 1730s to the 1980s. London: Routledge.

Benson, P., & Roberts, J. (2002). Counting Sheep: Attendance Patterns and Pastoral Strategy. Cambridge: Grove Books.

Braoudakis, P. (1997). Church Leaders Handbook (4th Ed.). Barrington, Il: Willow Creek Association.

Bridges, W. (2009). Managing Transitions: Making the Most of Change (3rd Ed). London: Nicholas Brealey.

Brierley, P. (2003). UK Christian Handbook Religious Trends No.4 2003/2004. London: Christian Research.

Brierley, P. (2017b). Growth Amidst Decline: What the 2016 Scottish Church Census Reveals. Tonbridge: ADBC Publishers.

Brierley, P. W. (Ed) (2017) UK Church Statistics 3: 2018 Edition. Tonbridge: ADBC Publishers.

Brierley, P., & Macdonald, F. (1985). Prospects for Scotland: Report of the 1984 Census of the Churches. Bromley: MARC Europe.

Brierley, P. W. (1976). Sources of Statistics on Religion: Supplement to the Guide to Official Statistics. London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office.

Brierley, P. W. (1991). "Christian" England : What the 1989 English Church Census Reveals. London: MARC Europe.

Brierley, P. W. (2003). Turning the Tide: The Challenge Ahead: Report of the 2002 Scottish Church Census. London: Christian Research.

Brierley, P. W., & Macdonald, F. (1995). Prospects for Scotland 2000: Trends and Tables from the 1994 Scottish Church Census. London: Christian Research.

Brown, C. G. (1997). Religion and Society in Scotland Since 1707. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Brown, C. G. (2001). The Death of Christian Britain: Understanding Secularisation, 1800-2000 (2nd Ed.). London: Routledge.

Browning, D. (1991). A Fundamental Practical Theology. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press.

Bruce, S. (2014) Scottish Gods: Religion in Modern Scotland, 1900-2012.  Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Brunson, M., & Caner, E. M. (2005). Why Churches Die : Diagnosing Lethal Poisons in the Body of Christ. Nashville,TN: Broadman & Holman.

Chalmers, T. (1835). Specimens of the Ecclesiastical Destitution of Scotland in Various Parts of the Country: Being Extracts of Correspondence and Results of Statistical Surveys in 1834-5. Edinburgh: Church of Scotland.

Chaney, C. L., & Lewis, R. S. (1977). Design for Church Growth. Nashvill, TN: Broadman Press.

Chew, M., & Ireland, M. (2009). How to do Mission Action Planning: A Vision-Centred Approach. London: SPCK.

Chopp, R. S., & Taylor, M. L. (1994). Reconstructing Christian Theology. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press.

Church of England. (2000). Statistics: A Tool for Mission. London: Church House Publishing.

The Church of Scotland. (1869). Reports on the Schemes of the Church of Scotland for the Year 1869. Edinburgh: William Blackwood and Sons.

The Church of Scotland. (1874). Reports on the Schemes of the Church of Scotland for the Year 1874. Edinburgh: William Blackwood and Sons.

The Church of Scotland. (1875). Reports on the Schemes of the Church of Scotland for the Year 1875. Edinburgh: William Blackwood and Sons.

The Church of Scotland. (1876). Reports on the Schemes of the Church of Scotland for the Year 1876. Edinburgh: William Blackwood and Sons.

The Church of Scotland. (1882). The Church of Scotland: Its Position and Work. Statement Prepared for Information of Members of Parliament. Edinburgh, Church of Scotland.

The Church of Scotland. (1987). Lifestyle Survey. Edinburgh: The Board of Social Responsibility.

The Church of Scotland. (2001). Church Without Walls Report. Edinburgh: Parish Education Publications.

The Church of Scotland Special Commission Anent Review and Reform in the Church. (2001). Church Without Walls: Report to the General Assembly 2001. Edinburgh: Parish Education Publications.

The Church Commissioners for England. (2014). From Anecdote to Evidence. In Findings From the Church Growth Research Programme 2011-2013. London: Church of England

Collins, J. (2005). Good to Great and the Social Sectors : Why Business Thinking is Not the Answer. Boulder, CO.: Random House Business Books.

Collins, J. C. (2001). Good To Great : Why Some Companies Make The Leap-- And Others Don't. London: Random House Business.

Collins, J. C. (2009). How The Mighty Fall: And Why Some Companies Never Give In. London: Random House Business.

Collins, J. C., & Porras, J. I. (1994). Built to Last: Successful Habits of Visionary Companies. New York, NY: Harper Business.

Cox, J. T. (1976). Practice and Procedure in the Church of Scotland (3th Ed.). Edinburgh: Blackwood.

Currie, R., Gilbert, A. D., & Horsley, L. (1977). Churches and Churchgoers: Patterns of Church Growth in the British Isles Since 1700. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Davie, G. (1994). Religion in Britain Since 1945: Believing Without Belonging. Oxford: Blackwell.

Department of Mission and Unity. (1972). Stand Up and Be Counted. London: The British Council of Churches.

Dever, M., & Harris, J. (2004). Nine Marks of a Healthy Church. Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books.

Drake, M. (1972). The Census, 1801-1891. in Wrigley E.A. (Ed.), Nineteenth-Century Society: Essays in the Use of Quantitative Methods for the Study of Social Data. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 7-46.

Drucker, P. F. (1993). The Drucker Foundation Self-Assessment Tool. Participant Workbook. (Rev. ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass

Drucker, P. F., & Collins, J. C. (2008). The Five Most Important Questions You Will Ever Ask About Your Organization (New ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass

Drucker, P. F., Hesselbein, F., & Economy, P. (2008). Peter Drucker's Five Most Important Questions: Enduring Wisdom for Young Leaders. San Francisco, CA: Wiley.

Drummond, A. L., & Bulloch, J. (1973). The Scottish Church, 1688-1843: The Age of the Moderates. Edinburgh: Saint Andrew Press.

Easum, W. M. (1996). The Church Growth Handbook. Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press.

Forrester, D. B. (2000). Truthful Action: Explorations in Practical Theology. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark.

Francis, L. J., Robbins, M., & Astley, J. (2009). Empirical Theology in Texts and Tables: Qualitative, Quantitative and Comparative Perspectives. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill.

Gay, D. (2017b). Reforming the Kirk: The Future for the Church of Scotland. Edinburgh: St.Andrew Press.

Gill, R. (1988). Beyond Decline: A Challenge to the Churches. London: SCM Press.

Goodhew, D. (2012). Church Growth in Britain: 1980 to the Present. Farnham: Ashgate Publishing Ltd.

Green, H. L. (1972). Why Churches Die: A Guide to Basic Evangelism and Church Growth. Minneapolis, MN: Bethany Fellowship.

Guasp, D. (2012). Falkirk iIn the Later Nineteenth Century: Churchgoing, Work and Status in an Industrial Town. (Unpublished doctoral thesis), University of Stirling.

Healy, N. M. (2000). Church, World, and the Christian Life: Practical-Prophetic Ecclesiology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Henshaw, J. M. (2006). Does Measurement Measure Up?: How Numbers Reveal and Conceal the Truth. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Highet, J. (1950). The Churches in Scotland Today: A Survey of their Principles, Strength, Work and Statements. Glasgow: Jackson Son & Co.

Highet, J. (1960). The Scottish Churches: A Review of their State 400 Years after the Reformation. London: Skeffington.

Holloway, I. (1997). Basic Concepts for Qualitative Research. Oxford: Blackwell Science.

Howie, R. M. A. (1893). The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures. Glasgow: D. Bryce & Son.

Hoyt, W. R. (2007). Effectiveness by the Numbers: Counting What Counts in the Church. Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press.

Hudnut, R. K. (1975). Church Growth is Not the Point. New York, NY: Harper & Row.

Hybels, L., & Hybels, B. (1995). Rediscovering the Church. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan.

Johnston, J. (1874). The Ecclesiastical and Religious Statistics of Scotland. Glasgow:David Bryce & Son.

Kyd, J. G. (1952). Scottish Population Statistics, Including Webster's Analysis of Population 1755. Edinburgh: T And A Constable Ltd.

Kirk, J. F. (1978). A Comparative Statistical Analysis of the Churches of the Presbytery of Edinburgh from 1960 to 1974. (Unpublished doctoral thesis), University of St Andrews.

Macchia, S. A. (2003). Becoming a Healthy Church: Ten Traits of a Vital Ministry. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books.

MacIntosh, D. C. (1919). Theology: As an Empirical Science. New York, NY: Allen & Unwin.

MacLean, C, Veitch K., (Eds.) (2006). Scottish Life and Society: A Compendium of Scottish Ethnology – Religion.  Edinburgh: John Donald.

MacLeod, G. F. (1936). Are not the Churchless Million Partly the Church's Fault? Edinburgh: Church of Scotland.

Maunder, W. F. (Ed.) (1980). Reviews of United Kingdom Statistical Sources. Volume XX. Oxford: Pergamon Press.

McGavran, D. A. (1955). The Bridges of God. A Study in the Strategy of Missions. London: World Dominian Press.

McGavran, D. A. (1990). Understanding Church Growth (3rd Edition). Grand Rapids, MI: William. B. Eerdmans Publishing.

McGavran, D. A. (2005). The Bridges of God: A Study in the Strategy of Missions. Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock.

McGrath, A. E. (2002). The Future of Christianity. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

McIntosh, G. L. (2010). Evaluating the Church Growth Movement: 5 Views. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan.

Mead, L. B. (1995). More Than Numbers: The Ways Churches Grow. Plymouth: Rowman and Littlefield.

Miller-McLemore, B. J. (Ed.) (2011). The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Practical Theology. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

Muirhead, A.T.N. (2015) Reformation, Dissent, and Diversity: The Story of Scotland’s Churches, 1560-1960. London, Bloomsbury.

New International Version. (1984). The Holy Bible. London: Hodder and Stoughton.

Newbigin, L. (1995). The Open Secret: An Introduction to the Theology of Mission (Rev. Ed.). London: SPCK.

North Lanarkshire Council. (2014). Area/Registration Service – Annual Performance Report 2013/14. Motherwell: North Lanarkshire Council. 

Osmer, R. R. (2008). Practical Theology: An Introduction. Cambridge: Eerdmans Publishing Company.

Pattison, S. (2007). Practical Theology: Art Or Science? in Pattison, S (ed) The Challenge of Practical Theology: Selected Essays, London, Jessica Kingsley. 261-289.

Pearson, K. (1924). The Life, Letters And Labours of Francis Galton (Vol. 2). London: Cambridge University Press.

Peters, G. W. (1981). A Theology of Church Growth: Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan

Piggott, C.A.  (1978)  A Geography of Religion in Scotland, (Unpublished doctoral thesis), University of Edinburgh.

Pointer, R. (1987). The Growth Book. Bromley: MARC Europe.

Rainer, T. S. (1993). The Book of Church Growth: History, Theology, and Principles. Nashville, TN: Broadman Press.

Reeves, R. D., & Jenson, R. (1984). Always Advancing: Modern Strategies for Church Growth: San Bernadino, CA: Here's Life Publishers.

Rendle, G. R. (2014). Doing The Math of Mission: Fruits, Faithfulness, and Metrics. London: Rowman and Littlefield.

Richter, P. J., & Francis, L. J. (1998). Gone but not Forgotten: Church Leaving and Returning. London: Darton, Longman & Todd.

Roxborogh, J. (1999). Thomas Chalmers: Enthusiast for Mission. Carlisle: Paternoster Press.

Schilderman, H. (2011). Quantitative Method. In Miller-McLemore, B.J. (Ed.) The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Practical Theology. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. 123-132

Schleiermacher, F., & Tice, T. N. (1966). Brief Outline on the Study of Theology. Richmond, VA: John Knox Press.

Schwarz, C., & Schalk, C. (1998). Implementation Guide to Natural Church Development. Bedford: British Church Growth Association.

Schwarz, C. A. (1996). Natural Church Development. Carol Stream, IL: ChurchSmart Resources.

Schwarz, C. A. (1999). Paradigm Shift in the Church: How Natural Church Development can Transform Theological Thinking. Carol Stream, IL: ChurchSmart Resources.

Schwarz, C. A. (2005). Color Your World with Natural Church Development. St.Charles, IL: ChurchSmart Resources.

Schwarz, C. A. (2006). The 3 Colors of Ministry. St.Charles, IL: ChurchSmart Resources.

Scottish Central Board of Dissenters. (1835). Statement Relative to Church Accommodation in Scotland: In Answer to the Representations in the Circular of the Moderator of the General Assembly. Edinburgh: John Wardlaw.

Simpson, W. (1895). Facts and Fictions Concerning the Church of Scotland: Being a Critique of the Rev. Robert Howie's Volume, the Churches and the Churchless of Scotland. Glasgow: John McCallum & Co.

Sissons, P. L. (1973). The Social Significance of Church Membership in the Burgh of Falkirk: A Report to the Hope Trust and the Church and Ministry Department of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland. Edinburgh: Church of Scotland.

Smith, F. H. (1985). Measuring Quality Church Growth. (Unpublished doctoral thesis), Fuller Theological Seminary.

Snell, K. D., & Ell, P. S. (2000). Rival Jerusalems: The Geography of Victorian Religion. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Stevens, R. E., & Loudon, D. L. (1992). Marketing for Churches and Ministries. New York, NY: Haworth Press.

Thomas, R. (2003). Counting People In: Changing the Way we think about Membership and the Church. London: SPCK.

Tillich, P. (1978). Systematic Theology. London: SCM Press.

Tracy, D. (1983). The Foundations of Practical Theology in D.S. Browning (ed.), Practical Theology: The Emerging Field in Theology, Church, and World. San Francisco, CA Harper & Row. 61-82

Van der Ven, J. (1993). Practical Theology: An Empirical Approach. Kampen, Netherlands: Kok Pharos.

Vint, A. S. (2007). An Examination and Assessment of Natural Church Development by Christian A.Schwarz. (Unpublished master's thesis), Glasgow University.

Wagner, C. P. (1976). Your Church can Grow. Glendale, CA: G/L Publications.

Wagner, C. P. (1979). Your Church can be Healthy: Nashville, TN: Abingdon.

Wagner, C. P. (1985). Your Spiritual Gifts can help your Church Grow (Rev. ed.). Bromley: MARC Europe.

Wagner, C. P. (1986). Spiritual Power and Church Growth. London: Hodder and Stoughton.

Wagner, C. P., Arn, W., & Towns, E. L. (1986). Church Growth: State of the Art: Wheaton, IL: Tyndale House Publishers.

Wagner, C. P., & British Church Growth, Association. (1988). Leading Your Church to Growth: The Secret of Pastor/People Partnership in Dynamic Church Growth. Bromley: MARC Europe.

Warren, R. (2004). The Healthy Churches' Handbook: A Process for Revitalizing your Church: London: Church House Publishing.

Warren, R., & Warren, R. (1995). The Purpose Driven Church: Growth Without Compromising your Message & Mission. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing Company.

Wolfe, J. N., & Pickford, M. (1980). The Church of Scotland: An Economic Survey. London: Geoffrey Chapman.

Woodward, J., Pattison, S., & Patton, J. (1999). The Blackwell Reader in Pastoral and Practical Theology. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

Yates, C. B. (1985). A Sociological and Demographic Analysis of Patterns of Church Membership in the Church of Scotland in the Urban City (Dundee). (Unpublished doctoral thesis), University of St Andrews.



Aisthorpe, S. (2014). Investigating the Invisible Church: A Survey of Christians in the Highlands and Islands who are not part of a Church Congregation. Rural Theology, 12(2), 83-95. doi:10.1179/1470499414Z.00000000028

Aspinall, P. (2000). Should a Question on ‘Religion’ be asked an the 2001 British Census? A Public Policy Case in Favour. Social Policy & Administration, 34(5), 584-600. doi:10.1111/1467-9515.00212

Bazzell, P. D. (2015). Towards an Empirical-Ideal Ecclesiology. Ecclesiology, 11(2), 219-235. doi:

Bruce, S. (1995). The Truth about Religion in Britain. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 34(4), 417-430. doi:10.2307/1387336

Burns, C. F., & Hunt, C. M. (1995). Planning and Ministry Effectiveness in the Church. Journal of Ministry Marketing & Management, 1(2), 97-113. doi:10.1300/J093v01n02_08

Bruce, S. (2014) The Secularisation of Scotland, International Journal for the Study of the Christian Church 14/2, 193-206

Carroll, J. W. (2000). Reflexive Ecclesiology: A Challenge to Applied Research in Religious Organizations. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 39(4), 545-557. doi:10.1111/j.1468-5906.2000.tb00016.x

Clements, B. (2017) Religious Change and Secularisation in Scotland: An Analysis of Affiliation and Attendance. Scottish Affairs, 26/2, 133-62

Field, C. D. (2001). 'The Haemorrhage of Faith? Opinion Polls as Sources for Religious Practices, Beliefs and Attitudes in Scotland Since the 1970s. Journal of Contemporary Religion, 16(2), 157-175.

Gill, R., Hadaway, C. K., & Marler, P. L. (1998). Is Religious Belief Declining in Britain? Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 37(3), 507-516. doi:10.2307/1388057

Gräb, W. (2005). Practical Theology as Theology of Religion. Schleiermacher’s Understanding of Practical Theology as a Discipline. International Journal of Practical Theology,9(2), 181-196.

Hayward, J. (2005). A General Model of Church Growth and Decline. Journal of Mathematical Sociology, 29(3), 177-207.

Heimbrock, H.-G. (2011). Practical Theology as Empirical Theology. International Journal of Practical Theology, 14(2), 153-170).

Highet, J. (1953). Scottish Religious Adherence. The British Journal of Sociology, 4(2), 142-159. doi:10.2307/587208

Highet, J. (1964). A Review of Scottish Socio-Religious Literature. Social Compass, 11(3), 21-24.

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Jensen, L., Newell, R. J., & Holman, T. (1990). Sexual Behavior, Church Attendance, and Permissive Beliefs among Unmarried Young Men and Women. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 29(1), 113-117. doi:10.2307/1387035

Kyd, J. G. (1947). The Proposed Third Statistical Account of Scotland. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, 110(4), 310-321. doi:10.2307/2981238

McClintock, W. (1988). Sociological Critique of the Homogeneous Unit Principle. International Review of Mission, 77(305), 107-116.

McGavran, D. A. (1986). My Pilgrimage in Mission. International Bulletin of Missionary Research, 10(2), 53.

Mouat, F. J. (1885). History of the Statistical Society of London. Journal of the Statistical Society of London, 14-371. doi:10.2307/25163966

Niebuhr, R. R. (1962). Schleiermacher: Theology as Human Reflection. The Harvard Theological Review, 55(1), 21-49.

Pacione, M. (2005). The Geography of Religious Affiliation in Scotland. The Professional Geographer, 57(2), 235-255. doi:10.1111/j.0033-0124.2005.00475.x

Piggott, C.A. (1980) A Geography of Religion in Scotland, Scottish Geographical Magazine, 96/3, 130-140

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Schmälzle, U. F. (2003). Empirical Research in Practical Theology as a Strategy of Intervention. Journal of Empirical Theology, 16(1), 5-19. doi:

Smith, I. (1993). The Economics of Church Decline in Scotland. International Journal of Social Economics, 20(12), 27-36. doi:10.1108/03068299310045776

Torrance, T. (1966). The Mission of the Church. Scottish Journal of Theology, 19(2), 129-143. doi:10.1017/S0036930600002921

Vaidyanathan, B. (2011). Religious Resources or Differential Returns? Early Religious Socialization and Declining Attendance in Emerging Adulthood. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 50(2), 366-387. doi:10.1111/j.1468-5906.2011.01573.x

Van Der Ven, J. A. (1988). Practical Theology: From Applied to Empirical Theology. Journal of Empirical Theology, 1(1), 7-27. doi:

Voas, D. (2006). Religious Decline in Scotland: New Evidence on Timing and Spatial Patterns. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 45(1), 107-118.

Wagner, C. P. (1978). How Ethical is the Homogeneous Unit Principle? Occasional Bulletin of Missionary Research, 2, 12-19.

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